STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit

Defined animal component-free medium for the differentiation of human ES and iPS cells to definitive endoderm

STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit

Defined animal component-free medium for the differentiation of human ES and iPS cells to definitive endoderm

STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit
1 Kit
432 USD
Catalog # 05110

Defined animal component-free medium for the differentiation of human ES and iPS cells to definitive endoderm

Product Advantages


  • Defined, serum-free, animal component-free medium for the differentiation of human ES and iPS cells to definitive endoderm in a complete, ready-to-use format

  • Efficient and reproducible differentiation of multiple ES cell and iPS cell lines

  • Generates definitive endoderm cells capable of further differentiation to pancreatic, hepatic, intestinal and pulmonary cell lineages

What's Included

  • STEMdiff™ Endoderm Basal Medium, 100 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Supplement MR (100X), 0.35 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Supplement CJ (100X), 1.1 mL
Products for Your Protocol
To see all required products for your protocol, please consult the Protocols and Documentation.

Overview

STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit is a complete, serum- and animal component-free medium and supplement kit that supports highly efficient differentiation of human embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to definitive endoderm cells. Cells differentiated using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit express high levels of endoderm markers, including CD184 (CXCR4), SOX17, FOXA2, and c-KIT, and lack expression of ectoderm, mesoderm, and pluripotency markers. The definitive endoderm cells produced using this kit are multipotent and capable of further differentiation towards cells of the pancreatic, intestinal, pulmonary, and hepatic lineages, thus providing a robust tool for developmental studies, disease modeling, and drug discovery.​

This kit is optimized for differentiation of cells maintained in mTeSR™1. For differentiation of cells maintained in TeSR™-E8™, please see the STEMDiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit (TeSR™-E8™ Optimized).
Subtype
Specialized Media
Cell Type
Airway Cells, Endoderm, PSC-Derived, Hepatic Cells, Intestinal Cells, Pancreatic Cells, Pluripotent Stem Cells
Species
Human
Application
Cell Culture, Differentiation
Brand
STEMdiff
Area of Interest
Cancer, Epithelial Cell Biology, Stem Cell Biology
Formulation
Animal Component-Free, Serum-Free

Data Figures

Definitive endoderm differentiation is efficient across multiple human ES and iPS cell lines

Figure 1. Definitive endoderm differentiation is efficient across multiple human ES and iPS cell lines

Quantitative analysis of definitive endoderm formulation on multiple human ES and iPS cell lines as measured by co-expression of CXCR4 and SOX17. Prior to differentiation using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm, cells were maintained in their pluripotent state by culturing mTeSR™1 on Matrigel. Data are expressed as the mean percent of cells expressing both markers. Error bars indicate SEM, n = 4-18 per cell line.

Quantitative Analysis of Definitive Endoderm hES and iPS-Derived Using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm

Figure 2. Quantitative Analysis of Definitive Endoderm hES and iPS-Derived Using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm

Quantitative analysis of definitive endoderm in human ES and iPS cells previously maintained in TeSR™2 prior to differentiation on Matrigel using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm. Data are expressed as the mean percent of cells expressing both markers. Error bars indicate SEM. n = 4-11 per cell line.

Efficient definitive endoderm differentiation in human ES and iPS cells

Figure 3. Efficient definitive endoderm differentiation in human ES and iPS cells

Representative Density plots showing CXCR4 and SOX17 expression in human ES cells (H1 and H9) and human iPS cells (WLS-4D1 and A13700) following 5 days of differentiation to definitive endoderm using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm. Isotype controls were used to set quadrant gates.

STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm yields DE that retains potency for downstream lineage specification

Figure 4. STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm yields DE that retains potency for downstream lineage specification

Cultures differentiated using STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm maintain their ability to be directed towards pancreatic and hepatic lineages. A) Representative image of PDX-1 immunoreactivity in H9 cells following pancreatic specification. Scale bar 20 µm. B) Representative image of human serum albumin (HSA) immunoreactivity in H9 cells following hepatic specification. Scale bar, 100 µm.

Density plots and quantitative analysis showing CXCR4 and SOX17 expression in cells cultured in mTeSR™1 (daily feeds) or mTeSR™ Plus (restricted feeds), following 5 days of differentiation using the STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit.

Figure 5. Generation of Definitive Endoderm from hPSCs Maintained in mTeSR™ Plus

(A) Representative density plots showing CXCR4 and SOX17 expression in cells cultured in mTeSR™1 (daily feeds) or mTeSR™ Plus (restricted feeds), following 5 days of differentiation using the STEMdiff™ Definitive Endoderm Kit. (B) Quantitative analysis of definitive endoderm formation in multiple hPSC lines (H9, STiPS-M001, WLS-1C) maintained with mTeSR™1 or mTeSR™ Plus as measured by co-expression of CXCR4 and SOX17. Data are expressed as the mean percentage of cells (± SEM) expressing both markers; n=3.

Protocols and Documentation

Find supporting information and directions for use in the Product Information Sheet or explore additional protocols below.

Document Type
Product Name
Catalog #
Lot #
Language
Catalog #
05110
Lot #
Component #05113: Lot 18D89658 and higher
Language
English
Document Type
Safety Data Sheet 1
Catalog #
05110
Lot #
All
Language
English
Document Type
Safety Data Sheet 2
Catalog #
05110
Lot #
All
Language
English
Document Type
Safety Data Sheet 3
Catalog #
05110
Lot #
All
Language
English

Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Resources and Publications

Publications (21)

Comparative characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) derived from patients with schizophrenia and autism. L.-M. Grunwald et al. Translational psychiatry 2019

Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) provide an attractive tool to study disease mechanisms of neurodevelopmental disorders such as schizophrenia. A pertinent problem is the development of hiPSC-based assays to discriminate schizophrenia (SZ) from autism spectrum disorder (ASD) models. Healthy control individuals as well as patients with SZ and ASD were examined by a panel of diagnostic tests. Subsequently, skin biopsies were taken for the generation, differentiation, and testing of hiPSC-derived neurons from all individuals. SZ and ASD neurons share a reduced capacity for cortical differentiation as shown by quantitative analysis of the synaptic marker PSD95 and neurite outgrowth. By contrast, pattern analysis of calcium signals turned out to discriminate among healthy control, schizophrenia, and autism samples. Schizophrenia neurons displayed decreased peak frequency accompanied by increased peak areas, while autism neurons showed a slight decrease in peak amplitudes. For further analysis of the schizophrenia phenotype, transcriptome analyses revealed a clear discrimination among schizophrenia, autism, and healthy controls based on differentially expressed genes. However, considerable differences were still evident among schizophrenia patients under inspection. For one individual with schizophrenia, expression analysis revealed deregulation of genes associated with the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC class II) presentation pathway. Interestingly, antipsychotic treatment of healthy control neurons also increased MHC class II expression. In conclusion, transcriptome analysis combined with pattern analysis of calcium signals appeared as a tool to discriminate between SZ and ASD phenotypes in vitro.
Intrinsic Immunity Shapes Viral Resistance of Stem Cells. Wu X et al. Cell 2018 JAN

Abstract

Stem cells are highly resistant to viral infection compared to their differentiated progeny; however, the mechanism is mysterious. Here, we analyzed gene expression in mammalian stem cells and cells at various stages of differentiation. We find that, conserved across species, stem cells express a subset of genes previously classified as interferon (IFN) stimulated genes (ISGs) but that expression is intrinsic, as stem cells are refractory to interferon. This intrinsic ISG expression varies in a cell-type-specific manner, and many ISGs decrease upon differentiation, at which time cells become IFN responsive, allowing induction of a broad spectrum of ISGs by IFN signaling. Importantly, we show that intrinsically expressed ISGs protect stem cells against viral infection. We demonstrate the in vivo importance of intrinsic ISG expression for protecting stem cells and their differentiation potential during viral infection. These findings have intriguing implications for understanding stem cell biology and the evolution of pathogen resistance.
The Forkhead box transcription factor FOXM1 is required for the maintenance of cell proliferation and protection against oxidative stress in human embryonic stem cells Kwok CTD et al. Stem Cell Research 2016 MAR

Abstract

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) exhibit unique cell cycle structure, self-renewal and pluripotency. The Forkhead box transcription factor M1 (FOXM1) is critically required for the maintenance of pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells and mouse embryonal carcinoma cells, but its role in hESCs remains unclear. Here, we show that FOXM1 expression was enriched in undifferentiated hESCs and was regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner with peak levels detected at the G2/M phase. Expression of FOXM1 did not correlate with OCT4 and NANOG during in vitro differentiation of hESCs. Importantly, knockdown of FOXM1 expression led to aberrant cell cycle distribution with impairment in mitotic progression but showed no profound effect on the undifferentiated state. Interestingly, FOXM1 depletion sensitized hESCs to oxidative stress. Moreover, genome-wide analysis of FOXM1 targets by ChIP-seq identified genes important for M phase including CCNB1 and CDK1, which were subsequently confirmed by ChIP and RNA interference analyses. Further peak set comparison against a differentiating hESC line and a cancer cell line revealed a substantial difference in the genomic binding profile of FOXM1 in hESCs. Taken together, our findings provide the first evidence to support FOXM1 as an important regulator of cell cycle progression and defense against oxidative stress in hESCs.

Contact STEMCELL Technologies

Our Customer Service, Sales, and Product and Scientific Support departments in North America are available between 6 am and 5 pm Pacific Time (9 am and 8 pm Eastern Time). One of our representatives will be happy to help you by telephone or email. Please complete the form to contact us by email. A representative will get back to you shortly.
  •  

StemCell Technologies Inc. and affiliates ("STEMCELL Technologies") does not share your email address with third parties. StemCell Technologies Inc. will use your email address to confirm your identity and send you newsletters, transaction-related emails, promotional and customer service emails in accordance with our privacy policy. You can change your email preferences at any time.