STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit

Media for differentiation of human PSCs to cardiomyocytes and long-term maintenance of human PSC-derived cardiomyocytes

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STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit

Media for differentiation of human PSCs to cardiomyocytes and long-term maintenance of human PSC-derived cardiomyocytes

1 Kit
Catalog #05010
582 USD

Required Products

Overview

STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit (Catalog #05010) includes a medium for differentiation of human embryonic stem (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells (human pluripotent stem cells [hPSCs]) into cardiomyocytes (cardiac troponin T-positive [cTnT+]), as well as a medium for maintenance of hPSC-derived cardiomyocytes. This kit can be used to generate cardiomyocytes derived from a clump culture of hPSCs maintained in mTeSR™1 (Catalog #85850), TeSR™-E8™ (Catalog #05990), or mTeSR™ Plus (Catalog #05825). Greater than 80% of these cells will be cTnT+.
An average of 1 x 10^6 cells can be harvested from a single well of a 12-well plate.

STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Maintenance Kit (Catalog #05020) can be used for long-term maintenance of hPSC-derived cardiomyocytes for one month or longer. These cardiomyocytes can be used in various downstream applications and analyses.
Advantages:
• Supports the entire hPSC-derived cardiomyocyte workflow
• Simple monolayer protocol produces cardiomyocytes in 15 days
• One kit generates over 50 million cardiomyocytes (cTnT+)
• Robust performance with minimal variability across multiple hPSC lines
Components:
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Basal Medium, 380 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Supplement A (10X), 10 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Supplement B (10X), 10 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Supplement C (10X), 20 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Maintenance Basal Medium, 490 mL
  • STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Maintenance Supplement (50X), 10 mL
Subtype:
Specialized Media
Cell Type:
Cardiomyocytes, PSC-Derived
Species:
Human
Application:
Cell Culture; Differentiation; Maintenance
Brand:
STEMdiff
Area of Interest:
Disease Modeling; Drug Discovery and Toxicity Testing; Stem Cell Biology
Formulation:
Serum-Free

Scientific Resources

Product Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Research Area Workflow Stages for
Workflow Stages

Data and Publications

Data

Figure 1. Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Protocol

Two days before the differentiation protocol, hPSC colonies are harvested and seeded as single cells at 350,000 cells/well in a 12-well format in TeSR™ medium. After one day (Day -1), the medium is replaced with fresh TeSR™ medium. The following day (Day 0), the TeSR™ medium is replaced with Medium A (STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Basal Medium containing Supplement A) to begin inducing the cells toward a cardiomyocyte fate. On day 2, a full medium change is performed with fresh Medium B (STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Basal Medium containing Supplement B). On days 4 and 6, full medium changes are performed with fresh Medium C (STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Basal Medium containing Supplement C). On day 8, medium is switched to STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Maintenance Medium with full medium changes on days 10, 12 and 14, to promote further differentiation into cardiomyocyte cells. Small beating areas of cardiomyocytes can be seen as early as day 8, progressing to a full lawn of beating cardiomyocytes that can be harvested as early as day 15.

Figure 2. Morphology of hPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes

Representative images of (A) hES (H9) cells and (B) hiPS (WLS-1C) cells on day 15 of differentiation to cardiomyocytes using the STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit. Differentiated cells exhibit typical cardiomyocyte morphology as an adherent, tightly packed web-like monolayer of beating cells. (C) Representative confocal microscopy image of a single hPSC-derived cardiomyocyte generated with the STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit and stained with cTnT (green) and DAPI (blue).

Figure 3. Efficient and Robust Generation of cTnT-Positive Cardiomyocytes

hES and hiPS cells were cultured for 15 days in single wells of 12-well plates using the STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation Kit. At the end of the culture period, cells were harvested and analyzed by flow cytometry for expression of cardiac troponin T (cTnT). (A) Histogram analysis for cardiomyocyte cell marker cTnT for cultures of hES (H9) and hiPS (WLS-1C and STiPS-M001) cells. (Filled = sample; blank = secondary antibody only control) (B,C) Percentages and total numbers of cells expressing cTnT in cultures of hES or hiPS cells are shown. Data shown as mean ± SEM; n=3.

Figure 4. hPSC-Derived Cardiomyocytes Exhibit a Robust and Stable Excitability Profile

Microelectrode array (MEA) voltage recordings of cardiomyocytes (day 27) derived from human pluripotent stem cells generated and maintained with the STEMdiff™ Cardiomyocyte Differentiation and Maintenance Kits. The hPSC-derived cardiomyocytes have a characteristic electrical profile and stable beat rate. A large depolarization spike followed by a smaller repolarization deflection is observed.

Publications

(12)
JACC. Basic to translational science 2020 may

Role of Blood Oxygen Saturation During Post-Natal Human Cardiomyocyte Cell Cycle Activities.

L. Ye et al.

Abstract

Blood oxygen saturation (SaO2) is one of the most important environmental factors in clinical heart protection. This study used human heart samples and human induced pluripotent stem cell-cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) to assess how SaO2 affects human CM cell cycle activities. The results showed that there were significantly more cell cycle markers in the moderate hypoxia group (SaO2: 75{\%} to 85{\%}) than in the other 2 groups (SaO2 {\textless}75{\%} or {\textgreater}85{\%}). In iPSC-CMs 15{\%} and 10{\%} oxygen (O2) treatment increased cell cycle markers, whereas 5{\%} and rapid change of O2 decreased the markers. Moderate hypoxia is beneficial to the cell cycle activities of post-natal human CMs.
Cells 2020 jun

Extracellular Vesicles from Skeletal Muscle Cells Efficiently Promote Myogenesis in Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells.

D. Baci et al.

Abstract

The recent advances, offered by cell therapy in the regenerative medicine field, offer a revolutionary potential for the development of innovative cures to restore compromised physiological functions or organs. Adult myogenic precursors, such as myoblasts or satellite cells, possess a marked regenerative capacity, but the exploitation of this potential still encounters significant challenges in clinical application, due to low rate of proliferation in vitro, as well as a reduced self-renewal capacity. In this scenario, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can offer not only an inexhaustible source of cells for regenerative therapeutic approaches, but also a valuable alternative for in vitro modeling of patient-specific diseases. In this study we established a reliable protocol to induce the myogenic differentiation of iPSCs, generated from pericytes and fibroblasts, exploiting skeletal muscle-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs), in combination with chemically defined factors. This genetic integration-free approach generates functional skeletal myotubes maintaining the engraftment ability in vivo. Our results demonstrate evidence that EVs can act as biological shuttles" to deliver specific bioactive molecules for a successful transgene-free differentiation offering new opportunities for disease modeling and regenerative approaches."
Cell reports 2020 jul

Modeling Type 1 Diabetes In Vitro Using Human Pluripotent Stem Cells.

N. C. Leite et al.

Abstract

Understanding the root causes of autoimmune diseases is hampered by the inability to access relevant human tissues and identify the time of disease onset. To examine the interaction of immune cells and their cellular targets in type 1 diabetes, we differentiated human induced pluripotent stem cells into pancreatic endocrine cells, including $\beta$ cells. Here, we describe an in vitro platform that models features of human type 1 diabetes using stress-induced patient-derived endocrine cells and autologous immune cells. We demonstrate a cell-type-specific response by autologous immune cells against induced pluripotent stem cell-derived $\beta$ cells, along with a reduced effect on $\alpha$ cells. This approach represents a path to developing disease models that use patient-derived cells to predict the outcome of an autoimmune response.
Leukemia 2020 jan

BCMA peptide-engineered nanoparticles enhance induction and function of antigen-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes against multiple myeloma: clinical applications.

J. Bae et al.

Abstract

The purpose of these studies was to develop and characterize B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-specific peptide-encapsulated nanoparticle formulations to efficiently evoke BCMA-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) with poly-functional immune activities against multiple myeloma (MM). Heteroclitic BCMA72-80 [YLMFLLRKI] peptide-encapsulated liposome or poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles displayed uniform size distribution and increased peptide delivery to human dendritic cells, which enhanced induction of BCMA-specific CTL. Distinct from liposome-based nanoparticles, PLGA-based nanoparticles demonstrated a gradual increase in peptide uptake by antigen-presenting cells, and induced BCMA-specific CTL with higher anti-tumor activities (CD107a degranulation, CTL proliferation, and IFN-$\gamma$/IL-2/TNF-$\alpha$ production) against primary CD138+ tumor cells and MM cell lines. The improved functional activities were associated with increased Tetramer+/CD45RO+ memory CTL, CD28 upregulation on Tetramer+ CTL, and longer maintenance of central memory (CCR7+ CD45RO+) CTL, with the highest anti-MM activity and less differentiation into effector memory (CCR7- CD45RO+) CTL. These results provide the framework for therapeutic application of PLGA-based BCMA immunogenic peptide delivery system, rather than free peptide, to enhance the induction of BCMA-specific CTL with poly-functional Th1-specific anti-MM activities. These results demonstrate the potential clinical utility of PLGA nanotechnology-based cancer vaccine to enhance BCMA-targeted immunotherapy against myeloma.
Acta neuropathologica 2020

Loss of UGP2 in brain leads to a severe epileptic encephalopathy, emphasizing that bi-allelic isoform-specific start-loss mutations of essential genes can cause genetic diseases.

E. Perenthaler et al.

Abstract

Developmental and/or epileptic encephalopathies (DEEs) are a group of devastating genetic disorders, resulting in early-onset, therapy-resistant seizures and developmental delay. Here we report on 22 individuals from 15 families presenting with a severe form of intractable epilepsy, severe developmental delay, progressive microcephaly, visual disturbance and similar minor dysmorphisms. Whole exome sequencing identified a recurrent, homozygous variant (chr2:64083454A {\textgreater} G) in the essential UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (UGP2) gene in all probands. This rare variant results in a tolerable Met12Val missense change of the longer UGP2 protein isoform but causes a disruption of the start codon of the shorter isoform, which is predominant in brain. We show that the absence of the shorter isoform leads to a reduction of functional UGP2 enzyme in neural stem cells, leading to altered glycogen metabolism, upregulated unfolded protein response and premature neuronal differentiation, as modeled during pluripotent stem cell differentiation in vitro. In contrast, the complete lack of all UGP2 isoforms leads to differentiation defects in multiple lineages in human cells. Reduced expression of Ugp2a/Ugp2b in vivo in zebrafish mimics visual disturbance and mutant animals show a behavioral phenotype. Our study identifies a recurrent start codon mutation in UGP2 as a cause of a novel autosomal recessive DEE syndrome. Importantly, it also shows that isoform-specific start-loss mutations causing expression loss of a tissue-relevant isoform of an essential protein can cause a genetic disease, even when an organism-wide protein absence is incompatible with life. We provide additional examples where a similar disease mechanism applies.
PRODUCTS ARE FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN OR ANIMAL DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USES UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON QUALITY AT STEMCELL, REFER TO WWW.STEMCELL.COM/COMPLIANCE.