MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Kit

Animal component-free medium for the differentiation of MSCs into chondrocytes

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MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Kit

Animal component-free medium for the differentiation of MSCs into chondrocytes

100 mL
Catalog #05455
242 USD

Required Products

Overview

MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium is animal component-free (ACF) and specifically formulated for the in vitro differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs; also known as mesencyhymal stem cells) into chondrogenic lineage cells, including chondrocytes. This medium is suitable for the differentiation of human bone marrow (BM)-, adipose tissue (AT)- and synovium (S)-derived MSCs previously culture-expanded in serum-containing medium (e.g. MesenCult™ Proliferation Kit [Catalog #05411]) or animal component-free MesenCult™-ACF Plus Medium [Catalog #05445]). MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium induces robust chondrogenic differentiation of human MSCs with as few as 3 x 10^5 cells and as early as day 14.
Advantages:
• Animal component-free (ACF) formulation
• Robust chondrogenic differentiation with as few as 3 x 10^5 MSCs and as early as day 14
• Strong expression of chondrogenic transcripts - Acan, Col2a, Sox9 and Col10a; low expression of hypertrophic transcript Mmp13
• Completes optimized ACF workflow for MSC isolation, expansion, cryopreservation and chondrogenic differentiation
Components:
  • MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Basal Medium, 95 mL
  • MesenCult™-ACF 20X Chondrogenic Differentiation Supplement, 5 mL
Subtype:
Specialized Media
Cell Type:
Chondrocytes; Mesenchymal Stem and Progenitor Cells
Species:
Human
Application:
Cell Culture; Differentiation
Brand:
MesenCult
Area of Interest:
Stem Cell Biology
Formulation:
Animal Component-Free; Serum-Free

Scientific Resources

Educational Materials

(10)

Product Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Data and Publications

Data

MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Induces Robust Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human MSCs

Figure 1. MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Induces Robust Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human MSCs

Human BM-derived MSCs were cultured in MesenCult™-ACF Medium then differentiated to the chondrogenic lineage using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium. Robust chondrogenic differentiation was observed (A) starting with as few as 3 x 105 MSCs, or (B) when differentiating for just 14 days starting with 5 x 105 MSCs.

Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human MSCs Is More Robust With Fewer Hypertrophic Chondrocytes Using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Compared to Competitor Media

Figure 2. Chondrogenic Differentiation of Human MSCs Is More Robust With Fewer Hypertrophic Chondrocytes Using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Compared to Competitor Media

Human BM-derived MSCs culture-expanded for up to two passages in MesenCult™-ACF Medium, serum-based medium, or one of two commercially available media (Competitor 1 (Ex1) and Competitor 2 (Ex2)), were then differentiated to the chondrogenic lineage starting with 5 x 105 MSCs and either using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium or one of several commercially available chondrogenic differentiation media (Ch1, Ch2 or Ch3) for 21 days. More robust and uniform chondrogenic differentiation was observed when the MSCs were differentiated in MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium compared to the other commercially available chondrogenic differentiation media (Ch1, Ch2 and Ch3), irrespective of the expansion medium used to culture the MSCs prior to differentiation. Cultures differentiated using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium displayed an abundance of isogenous groups (yellow arrows), suggesting there is proliferation of differentiating chondrocyte progenitors. Few hypertrophic chondrocytes (black arrows) are seen in cultures differentiated with MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium, suggesting the maintenance of chondrogenic activity throughout the culturing period.

MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Induces Stronger and More Sustained Chondrogenic Transcript Expression Compared to Competitor Media

Figure 3. MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Induces Stronger and More Sustained Chondrogenic Transcript Expression Compared to Competitor Media

Human BM-derived MSCs expanded in (A) MesenCult™-ACF Medium, (B) a serum-based medium or (C) Competitor 2 (Ex2) medium, were differentiated for 21 days with MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium and Competitor 2 (Ch2) chondrogenic differentiation medium. Regardless of the expansion medium initially used to culture the MSCs, differentiation using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium led to a substantial up-regulation of the chondrogenic transcripts compared to Ch2. In addition, expression of the terminally-differentiated hypertrophic transcript Mmp13 was higher for Ch2 differentiated cultures compared to cultures differentiated with MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium.

Mouse MSCs Cultured in MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Differentiate to Chondrocytes

Figure 4. Mouse MSCs Cultured in MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium Differentiate to Chondrocytes

Mouse compact bone-derived MSCs were cultured using the MesenCult™ Proliferation Kit with MesenPure™ (Mouse, Catalog #05512) for 2 passages then differentiated by pellet culture with MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium for 21 days under normoxic (20% O2) conditions. Strong chondrogenic differentiation is indicated by dark-blue staining of the cartilage extracellular matrix and an abundance of isogenous chondrocyte groups.

Human MSC Chondrogenic Differentiation With AggreWell™800 Plates

Figure 5. Human MSC Chondrogenic Differentiation With AggreWell™800 Plates

Using centrifugation, 1 x 10^6 human MSCs were distributed evenly among 800 µm microwells in one well of an AggreWell™800 plate. Small aggregates of only ~3,300 cells per pellet were then differentiated to chondrocytes using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium for 21 days under normoxic (20% O2) conditions.

Procedure Overview: Human MSC Chondrogenic Differentiation Using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium

Figure 6. Procedure Overview: Human MSC Chondrogenic Differentiation Using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium

Aggregate culture is a useful method for inducing chondrogenic differentiation of human BM- and adipose-derived MSCs in a three-dimensional in vitro culture environment. MSCs are efficiently differentiated to the chondrogenic lineage using MesenCult™-ACF Chondrogenic Differentiation Medium in 14 - 21 days with 3 - 5 x 105 cells.

Publications

(3)
JCI insight 2019 aug

Mesenchymal stromal cells lower platelet activation and assist in platelet formation in vitro.

A. Mendelson et al.

Abstract

The complex process of platelet formation originates with the hematopoietic stem cell, which differentiates through the myeloid lineage, matures, and releases proplatelets into the BM sinusoids. How formed platelets maintain a low basal activation state in the circulation remains unknown. We identify Lepr+ stromal cells lining the BM sinusoids as important contributors to sustaining low platelet activation. Ablation of murine Lepr+ cells led to a decreased number of platelets in the circulation with an increased activation state. We developed a potentially novel culture system for supporting platelet formation in vitro using a unique population of CD51+PDGFRalpha+ perivascular cells, derived from human umbilical cord tissue, which display numerous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) properties. Megakaryocytes cocultured with MSCs had altered LAT and Rap1b gene expression, yielding platelets that are functional with low basal activation levels, a critical consideration for developing a transfusion product. Identification of a regulatory cell that maintains low baseline platelet activation during thrombopoiesis opens up new avenues for improving blood product production ex vivo.
Stem cells international 2019

Promoting Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells by Altering the Expression of Exosomal miRNA.

S. Yang et al.

Abstract

Human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can release exosomes; however, their specific functions remain elusive. In this study, we verified that exosomes derived from osteogenically differentiated ADSCs can promote osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs. Furthermore, in order to investigate the importance of exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs, we used microarray assays to analyze the expression profiles of exosomal miRNAs derived from undifferentiated as well as osteogenically differentiated ADSCs; 201 miRNAs were upregulated and 33 miRNAs were downregulated between the two types of exosomes. Additionally, bioinformatic analyses, which included gene ontology analyses, pathway analysis, and miRNA-mRNA-network investigations, were performed. The results of these analyses revealed that the differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs participate in multiple biological processes, such as gene expression, synthesis of biomolecules, cell development, differentiation, and signal transduction, among others. Moreover, we found that these differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs connect osteogenic differentiation to processes such as axon guidance, MAPK signaling, and Wnt signaling. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to identify and characterize exosomal miRNAs derived from osteogenically differentiated ADSCs. This study confirms that alterations in the expression of exosomal miRNAs can promote osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs, which also provides the foundation for further research on the regulatory functions of exosomal miRNAs in the context of ADSC osteogenesis.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 2019

High-Efficiency Lentiviral Gene Modification of Primary Murine Bone-Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

D. Gerace et al.

Abstract

Lentiviral vectors are the method of choice for stable gene modification of a variety of cell types. However, the efficiency with which they transduce target cells varies significantly, in particular their typically poor capacity to transduce primary stem cells. Here we describe the isolation and enrichment of murine bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) via fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS); the cloning, production, and concentration of high-titer second generation lentiviral vectors via combined tangential flow filtration (TFF) and ultracentrifugation; and the subsequent high-efficiency gene modification of MSCs into insulin-producing cells via overexpression of the furin-cleavable human insulin (INS-FUR) gene.
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