MesenCult™ Adipogenic Differentiation Kit (Human)

Medium for the differentiation of human MSCs into adipocytes

More Views

MesenCult™ Adipogenic Differentiation Kit (Human)

Medium for the differentiation of human MSCs into adipocytes

1 Kit
Catalog #05412
221 USD

Overview

MesenCult™ Adipogenic Differentiation Medium (Human) is specifically formulated for the in vitro differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (also known as mesenchymal stem cells or MSCs) into adipogenic lineage cells. This kit is suitable for the differentiation of MSCs derived from human bone marrow (BM), adipose tissue, umbilical cord, or pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) that have been previously culture-expanded in serum- and animal component-free medium (e.g. MesenCult™ ACF Plus Medium [Catalog #05445]), serum-containing medium (e.g. MesenCult™ Proliferation Kit [Catalog #05411]), or platelet lysate medium (e.g. MesenCult™-hPL Medium [Catalog #05439]).
Advantages:
• Robust and versatile human MSC differentiation to adipocytes
• Optimized for differentiation of bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived human MSCs previously cultured in serum-containing or serum-free media, such as MesenCult™-ACF Plus Medium
• Compatible with human MSCs previously cultured in platelet lysate media
Components:
  • MesenCult™ MSC Basal Medium (Human), 225 mL
  • MesenCult™ 10X Adipogenic Differentiation Supplement (Human), 25 mL
  • MesenCult™ 500X Adipogenic Differentiation Supplement (Human), 0.5 mL
Subtype:
Specialized Media
Cell Type:
Adipocytes; Mesenchymal Stem and Progenitor Cells
Species:
Human
Application:
Cell Culture; Differentiation
Brand:
MesenCult
Area of Interest:
Stem Cell Biology

Scientific Resources

Educational Materials

(5)

Product Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Data and Publications

Data

Adipogenic Differentiation of Human Bone Marrow-Derived MSCs

Figure 1. Adipogenic Differentiation of Human Bone Marrow-Derived MSCs

Adipogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived MSCs using MesenCult™ Adipogenic Differentiation Medium (Human) or a competitor medium. Prior to differentiation, MSCs were cultured for 2 passages in either serum- and xeno-free media (MesenCult™-XF or a 10% platelet lysate-based formulation) or serum-containing medium (MesenCult™) before undergoing differentiation. Even though differentation results are donor dependent, MesenCult™ Adipogenic Differentiation Medium (Human) consistently performed as well as, or better than the competitor medium. This trend was consistent for MSCs previously cultured in MesenCult™-XF, 10% Platelet Lysate or MesenCult™ medium.

Publications

(6)
Cells 2019 nov

Macrophages Inability to Mediate Adherent-Invasive E. coli Replication is Linked to Autophagy in Crohn's Disease Patients.

A. Buisson et al.

Abstract

The macrophages from Crohn's Disease (CD) patients are defective to control the replication of CD-associated adherent-invasive E. coli (AIEC). We aimed to identify the host factors associated with AIEC replication focusing on polymorphisms related to autophagy. Peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM), obtained from 95 CD patient, 30 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and 15 healthy subjects, were genotyped for several CD-associated polymorphisms. AIEC bacteria survival increased within MDM from CD patients compared to UC (p = 0.0019). AIEC bacteria survival increased in patients with CD-associated polymorphism IRGM (p = 0.05) and reduced in those with CD-associated polymorphisms XBP-1 (p = 0.026) and ULK-1 (p = 0.033). AIEC infection led to an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1$\beta$ (p {\textless} 0.0001) and TNF-$\alpha$ (p {\textless} 0.0001) in CD macrophages. ULK-1 expression increased in AIEC-infected MDM from CD patients compared to MDM from UC patients or healthy subjects (p = 0.0056) and correlated with AIEC survival (p = 0.0013). Moreover, the expression of ULK-1 phosphorylation on Serine 757 decreased following to AIEC infection (p {\textless} 0.0001). Short-term silencing of ULK-1 and IRGM genes restricted and promote, respectively, AIEC survival within MDM (p = 0.0018 and p = 0.0291). In conclusion, the macrophage defect to mediate AIEC clearance in CD patients is linked to polymorphisms related to autophagy such as IRGM and ULK-1.
JCI insight 2019 aug

Mesenchymal stromal cells lower platelet activation and assist in platelet formation in vitro.

A. Mendelson et al.

Abstract

The complex process of platelet formation originates with the hematopoietic stem cell, which differentiates through the myeloid lineage, matures, and releases proplatelets into the BM sinusoids. How formed platelets maintain a low basal activation state in the circulation remains unknown. We identify Lepr+ stromal cells lining the BM sinusoids as important contributors to sustaining low platelet activation. Ablation of murine Lepr+ cells led to a decreased number of platelets in the circulation with an increased activation state. We developed a potentially novel culture system for supporting platelet formation in vitro using a unique population of CD51+PDGFRalpha+ perivascular cells, derived from human umbilical cord tissue, which display numerous mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) properties. Megakaryocytes cocultured with MSCs had altered LAT and Rap1b gene expression, yielding platelets that are functional with low basal activation levels, a critical consideration for developing a transfusion product. Identification of a regulatory cell that maintains low baseline platelet activation during thrombopoiesis opens up new avenues for improving blood product production ex vivo.
Frontiers in physiology 2019

Intestinal Epithelial Cells Respond to Chronic Inflammation and Dysbiosis by Synthesizing H2O2.

J. F. Burgue\ no et al.

Abstract

The microbes in the gastrointestinal tract are separated from the host by a single layer of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) that plays pivotal roles in maintaining homeostasis by absorbing nutrients and providing a physical and immunological barrier to potential pathogens. Preservation of homeostasis requires the crosstalk between the epithelium and the microbial environment. One epithelial-driven innate immune mechanism that participates in host-microbe communication involves the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), toward the lumen. Phagocytes produce high amounts of ROS which is critical for microbicidal functions; the functional contribution of epithelial ROS, however, has been hindered by the lack of methodologies to reliably quantify extracellular release of ROS. Here, we used a modified Amplex Red assay to investigate the inflammatory and microbial regulation of IEC-generated H2O2 and the potential role of Duox2, a NADPH oxidase that is an important source of H2O2. We found that colonoids respond to interferon-$\gamma$ and flagellin by enhancing production of H2O2 in a Duox2-mediated fashion. To extend these findings, we analyzed ex vivo production of H2O2 by IECs after acute and chronic inflammation, as well as after exposure to dysbiotic microbiota. While acute inflammation did not induce a significant increase in epithelial-driven H2O2, chronic inflammation caused IECs to release higher levels of H2O2. Furthermore, colonization of germ-free mice with dysbiotic microbiota from mice or patients with IBD resulted in increased H2O2 production compared with healthy controls. Collectively, these data suggest that IECs are capable of H2O2 production during chronic inflammation and dysbiotic states. Our results provide insight into luminal production of H2O2 by IECs as a read-out of innate defense by the mucosa.
Stem cells international 2019

Promoting Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells by Altering the Expression of Exosomal miRNA.

S. Yang et al.

Abstract

Human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can release exosomes; however, their specific functions remain elusive. In this study, we verified that exosomes derived from osteogenically differentiated ADSCs can promote osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs. Furthermore, in order to investigate the importance of exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) in osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs, we used microarray assays to analyze the expression profiles of exosomal miRNAs derived from undifferentiated as well as osteogenically differentiated ADSCs; 201 miRNAs were upregulated and 33 miRNAs were downregulated between the two types of exosomes. Additionally, bioinformatic analyses, which included gene ontology analyses, pathway analysis, and miRNA-mRNA-network investigations, were performed. The results of these analyses revealed that the differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs participate in multiple biological processes, such as gene expression, synthesis of biomolecules, cell development, differentiation, and signal transduction, among others. Moreover, we found that these differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs connect osteogenic differentiation to processes such as axon guidance, MAPK signaling, and Wnt signaling. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to identify and characterize exosomal miRNAs derived from osteogenically differentiated ADSCs. This study confirms that alterations in the expression of exosomal miRNAs can promote osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs, which also provides the foundation for further research on the regulatory functions of exosomal miRNAs in the context of ADSC osteogenesis.
Frontiers in immunology 2019

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine Ameliorates Murine Lupus.

C. Cantarelli et al.

Abstract

Current guidelines encourage administering pneumococcal vaccine Prevnar-13 to patients with lupus, but whether such vaccinations affect disease severity is unclear. To address this issue, we treated 3-month-old MRL-lpr mice, that spontaneously develop a lupus-like syndrome, with Prevnar-13 or vehicle control. After 3 months, we quantified circulating anti-Pneumococcal polysaccharide capsule (PPS) antibodies and signs of disease severity, including albuminuria, renal histology and skin severity score. We also compared immunophenotypes and function of T and B cells from treated and untreated animals. Prevnar-13 elicited the formation of anti-pneumococcal IgM and IgG. Prevnar-13 treated animals showed reduced albuminuria, renal histological lesions, and milder dermatitis compared to vehicle-treated controls. Mitigated disease severity was associated with reduced and increased T follicular helper cells (TFH) and T follicular regulatory cells (TFR), respectively, in Prevnar-treated animals. T cells from Prevnar-13 vaccinated mice showed differential cytokine production after aCD3/aCD28 stimulation, with significantly decreased IL-17 and IL-4, and increased IL-10 production compared to non-vaccinated mice. In conclusion, pneumococcal vaccination elicits anti-pneumococcal antibody response and ameliorates disease severity in MRL-lpr mice, which associates with fewer TFH and increased TFR. Together, the data support use of Prevnar vaccination in individuals with SLE.
STEMCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.’S QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IS CERTIFIED TO ISO 13485. PRODUCTS ARE FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN OR ANIMAL DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USES UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.