EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit without CD16 Depletion

Immunomagnetic negative selection cell isolation kit

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Immunomagnetic negative selection cell isolation kit
From: 762 USD

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Overview

The EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit without CD16 Depletion is designed to isolate monocytes and CD14+CD16+ monocytes from fresh or previously frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cells by negative selection. The CD14+CD16+ subset of monocytes (~10% in blood of healthy individuals) has characteristics of tissue macrophages and expands greatly in acute and chronic inflammatory disease. Unwanted cells are targeted for removal with Tetrameric Antibody Complexes recognizing non-monocyte cells and magnetic particles. The cocktail also contains and antibody to human Fc receptor to minimize nonspecific binding. The labeled cells are separated using an EasySep™ magnet without the use of columns. Desired cells are poured off into a new tube. For applications in which removal of all CD16+ cells is desired, we recommend the EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit (Catalog #19359), which contains anti-CD16.
Advantages:
• Fast, easy-to-use and column-free
• Up to 81% purity
• Untouched, viable cells
Components:
  • EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit without CD16 Depletion (Catalog #19058)
    • EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail without CD16 Depletion, 1 mL
    • EasySep™ Magnetic Particles, 1 mL
  • RoboSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit without CD16 Depletion with Filter Tips (Catalog #19058RF)
    • EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail without CD16 Depletion, 1 mL
    • EasySep™ Magnetic Particles, 1 mL
    • RoboSep™ Buffer (Catalog #20104)
    • RoboSep™ Filter Tips (Catalog #20125)
Magnet Compatibility:
• EasySep™ Magnet (Catalog #18000)
• “The Big Easy” EasySep™ Magnet (Catalog #18001)
• Easy 50 EasySep™ Magnet (Catalog #18002)
• EasyPlate™ EasySep™ Magnet (Catalog 18102)
• RoboSep™-S (Catalog #21000)
Subtype:
Cell Isolation Kits
Cell Type:
Monocytes
Species:
Human
Sample Source:
PBMC
Selection Method:
Negative
Application:
Cell Isolation
Brand:
EasySep; RoboSep
Area of Interest:
Immunology

Scientific Resources

Educational Materials

(8)

Frequently Asked Questions

Can EasySep™ be used for either positive or negative selection?

Yes. The EasySep™ kits use either a negative selection approach by targeting and removing unwanted cells or a positive selection approach targeting desired cells. Depletion kits are also available for the removal of cells with a specific undesired marker (e.g. GlyA).

How does the separation work?

Magnetic particles are crosslinked to cells using Tetrameric Antibody Complexes (TAC). When placed in the EasySep™ Magnet, labeled cells migrate to the wall of the tube. The unlabeled cells are then poured off into a separate fraction.

Which columns do I use?

The EasySep™ procedure is column-free. That's right - no columns!

How can I analyze the purity of my enriched sample?

The Product Information Sheet provided with each EasySep™ kit contains detailed staining information.

Can EasySep™ separations be automated?

Yes. RoboSep™, the fully automated cell separator, automates all EasySep™ labeling and cell separation steps.

Can EasySep™ be used to isolate rare cells?

Yes. We recommend a cell concentration of 2x108 cells/mL and a minimum working volume of 100 µL. Samples containing 2x107 cells or fewer should be suspended in 100 µL of buffer.

Are the EasySep™ magnetic particles FACS-compatible?

Yes, the EasySep™ particles are flow cytometry-compatible, as they are very uniform in size and about 5000X smaller than other commercially available magnetic beads used with column-free systems.

Can the EasySep™ magnetic particles be removed after enrichment?

No, but due to the small size of these particles, they will not interfere with downstream applications.

Can I alter the separation time in the magnet?

Yes; however, this may impact the kit's performance. The provided EasySep™ protocols have already been optimized to balance purity, recovery and time spent on the isolation.

For positive selection, can I perform more than 3 separations to increase purity?

Yes, the purity of targeted cells will increase with additional rounds of separations; however, cell recovery will decrease.

How does the binding of the EasySep™ magnetic particle affect the cells? is the function of positively selected cells altered by the bound particles?

Hundreds of publications have used cells selected with EasySep™ positive selection kits for functional studies. Our in-house experiments also confirm that selected cells are not functionally altered by the EasySep™ magnetic particles.

If particle binding is a key concern, we offer two options for negative selection. The EasySep™ negative selection kits can isolate untouched cells with comparable purities, while RosetteSep™ can isolate untouched cells directly from whole blood without using particles or magnets.
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Product Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Data and Publications

Data

FACS Histogram Results Using EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit Without CD16 Depletion

Figure 1. FACS Histogram Results Using EasySep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Kit Without CD16 Depletion

Starting with freshly prepared peripheral blood mononuclear cells, the CD14+ cell content of the enriched fraction typically ranges from 73% - 81%. Slightly lower CD14+ cell purities may be obtained from samples that contain a large number of CD16+ cells.

Publications

(14)
Cellular molecular immunology 2019 mar

ACPAs promote IL-1beta production in rheumatoid arthritis by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome.

X. Dong et al.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) are a group of autoantibodies targeted against citrullinated proteins/peptides and are informative rheumatoid arthritis (RA) biomarkers. ACPAs also play a crucial role in RA pathogenesis, and their underlying mechanism merits investigation. METHODS Immunohistochemical (IHC) assays were carried out to determine IL-1beta levels in ACPA+ and ACPA- RA patients. PBMC-derived monocytes were differentiated into macrophages before stimulation with ACPAs purified from RA patients. The localization and interaction of molecules were analyzed by confocal microscopy, co-IP, and surface plasmon resonance. RESULTS In our study, we found that IL-1beta levels were elevated in ACPA+ RA patients and that ACPAs promoted IL-1beta production by PBMC-derived macrophages. ACPAs interacted with CD147 to enhance the interaction between CD147 and integrin beta1 and, in turn, activate the Akt/NF-kappaB signaling pathway. The nuclear localization of p65 promoted the expression of NLRP3 and pro-IL-1beta, resulting in priming. Moreover, ACPA stimulation activated pannexin channels, leading to ATP release. The accumulated ATP bound to the P2X7 receptor, leading to NLRP3 inflammasome activation. CONCLUSIONS Our study suggests a new hypothesis regarding IL-1beta production in RA involving ACPAs, which may be a potential therapeutic target in RA treatment.
Cell reports 2019 jan

High-Affinity Bent beta2-Integrin Molecules in Arresting Neutrophils Face Each Other through Binding to ICAMs In cis.

Z. Fan et al.

Abstract

Leukocyte adhesion requires beta2-integrin activation. Resting integrins exist in a bent-closed conformation-i.e., not extended (E-) and not high affinity (H-)-unable to bind ligand. Fully activated E+H+ integrin binds intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) expressed on the opposing cell in trans. E-H- transitions to E+H+ through E+H- or through E-H+, which binds to ICAMs on the same cell in cis. Spatial patterning of activated integrins is thought to be required for effective arrest, but no high-resolution cell surface localization maps of activated integrins exist. Here, we developed Super-STORM by combining super-resolution microscopy with molecular modeling to precisely localize activated integrin molecules and identify the molecular patterns of activated integrins on primary human neutrophils. At the time of neutrophil arrest, E-H+ integrins face each other to form oriented (non-random) nanoclusters. To address the mechanism causing this pattern, we blocked integrin binding to ICAMs in cis, which significantly relieved the face-to-face orientation.
Science (New York, N.Y.) 2019

Bacteriophage trigger antiviral immunity and prevent clearance of bacterial infection.

J. M. Sweere et al.

Abstract

Bacteriophage are abundant at sites of bacterial infection, but their effects on mammalian hosts are unclear. We have identified pathogenic roles for filamentous Pf bacteriophage produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) in suppression of immunity against bacterial infection. Pf promote Pa wound infection in mice and are associated with chronic human Pa wound infections. Murine and human leukocytes endocytose Pf, and internalization of this single-stranded DNA virus results in phage RNA production. This triggers Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3)- and TIR domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-beta (TRIF)-dependent type I interferon production, inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and the suppression of phagocytosis. Conversely, immunization of mice against Pf prevents Pa wound infection. Thus, Pf triggers maladaptive innate viral pattern-recognition responses, which impair bacterial clearance. Vaccination against phage virions represents a potential strategy to prevent bacterial infection.
Scientific reports 2017 AUG

Characterisation of lung macrophage subpopulations in COPD patients and controls.

Dewhurst JA et al.

Abstract

Lung macrophage subpopulations have been identified based on size. We investigated characteristics of small and large macrophages in the alveolar spaces and lung interstitium of COPD patients and controls. Alveolar and interstitial cells were isolated from lung resection tissue from 88 patients. Macrophage subpopulation cell-surface expression of immunological markers and phagocytic ability were assessed by flow cytometry. Inflammatory related gene expression was measured. Alveolar and interstitial macrophages had subpopulations of small and large macrophages based on size and granularity. Alveolar macrophages had similar numbers of small and large cells; interstitial macrophages were mainly small. Small macrophages expressed significantly higher cell surface HLA-DR, CD14, CD38 and CD36 and lower CD206 compared to large macrophages. Large alveolar macrophages showed lower marker expression in COPD current compared to ex-smokers. Small interstitial macrophages had the highest pro-inflammatory gene expression levels, while large alveolar macrophages had the lowest. Small alveolar macrophages had the highest phagocytic ability. Small alveolar macrophage CD206 expression was lower in COPD patients compared to smokers. COPD lung macrophages include distinct subpopulations; Small interstitial and small alveolar macrophages with more pro-inflammatory and phagocytic function respectively, and large alveolar macrophages with low pro-inflammatory and phagocytic ability.
Biotechnology and bioengineering 2017

Integrated gut/liver microphysiological systems elucidates inflammatory inter-tissue crosstalk.

Chen WLK et al.

Abstract

A capability for analyzing complex cellular communication among tissues is important in drug discovery and development, and in vitro technologies for doing so are required for human applications. A prominent instance is communication between the gut and the liver, whereby perturbations of one tissue can influence behavior of the other. Here, we present a study on human gut-liver tissue interactions under normal and inflammatory contexts, via an integrative multi-organ platform comprising human liver (hepatocytes and Kupffer cells), and intestinal (enterocytes, goblet cells, and dendritic cells) models. Our results demonstrated long-term (>2 weeks) maintenance of intestinal (e.g., barrier integrity) and hepatic (e.g., albumin) functions in baseline interaction. Gene expression data comparing liver in interaction with gut, versus isolation, revealed modulation of bile acid metabolism. Intestinal FGF19 secretion and associated inhibition of hepatic CYP7A1 expression provided evidence of physiologically relevant gut-liver crosstalk. Moreover, significant non-linear modulation of cytokine responses was observed under inflammatory gut-liver interaction; for example, production of CXCR3 ligands (CXCL9,10,11) was synergistically enhanced. RNA-seq analysis revealed significant upregulation of IFNα/β/γ signaling during inflammatory gut-liver crosstalk, with these pathways implicated in the synergistic CXCR3 chemokine production. Exacerbated inflammatory response in gut-liver interaction also negatively affected tissue-specific functions (e.g., liver metabolism). These findings illustrate how an integrated multi-tissue platform can generate insights useful for understanding complex pathophysiological processes such as inflammatory organ crosstalk. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2017;114: 2648-2659. textcopyright 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
STEMCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.’S QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IS CERTIFIED TO ISO 13485. PRODUCTS ARE FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN OR ANIMAL DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USES UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.