RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail

Immunodensity negative selection cocktail

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Immunodensity negative selection cocktail
From: 195 CAD

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Overview

The RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail is designed to isolate monocytes from whole blood by negative selection. Unwanted cells are targeted for removal with Tetrameric Antibody Complexes (TAC) recognizing non-monocyte cells and red blood cells (RBCs). When centrifuged over a buoyant density medium such as Lymphoprep™ (Catalog #07801), the unwanted cells pellet along with the RBCs. The purified monocytes are present as a highly enriched population at the interface between the plasma and the buoyant density medium.
Advantages:
• Fast and easy-to-use
• Requires no special equipment or training
• Isolated cells are untouched
• Can be combined with SepMate™ for consistent, high-throughput sample processing
Components:
  • RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail (Catalog #15028)
    • RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail, 2 mL
  • RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail (Catalog #15068)
    • RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail, 5 x 2 mL
Subtype:
Cell Isolation Kits
Cell Type:
Monocytes
Species:
Human
Sample Source:
Buffy Coat; Whole Blood
Selection Method:
Negative
Application:
Cell Isolation
Brand:
RosetteSep
Area of Interest:
Immunology

Technical Resources

Educational Materials

(5)

Frequently Asked Questions

What is RosetteSep™?

RosetteSep™ is a rapid cell separation procedure for the isolation of purified cells directly from whole blood, without columns or magnets.

How does RosetteSep™ work?

The antibody cocktail crosslinks unwanted cells to red blood cells (RBCs), forming rosettes. The unwanted cells then pellet with the free RBCs when centrifuged over a density centrifugation medium (e.g. Ficoll-Paque™ PLUS, Lymphoprep™).

What factors affect cell recovery?

The temperature of the reagents can affect cell recovery. All reagents should be at room temperature (sample, density centrifugation medium, PBS, centrifuge) before performing the isolations. Layering can also affect recovery so be sure to carefully layer the sample to avoid mixing with the density centrifugation medium as much as possible. Be sure to collect the entire enriched culture without disturbing the RBC pellet. A small amount of density centrifugation medium can be collected without worry.

Which cell samples can RosetteSep™ be used with?

RosetteSep™ can be used with leukapheresis samples, bone marrow or buffy coat, as long as: the concentration of cells does not exceed 5 x 107 per mL (can dilute if necessary); and there are at least 20 RBCs for every nucleated cell (RBCs can be added if necessary).

Can RosetteSep™ be used with previously frozen or cultured cells?

Yes. Cells should be re-suspended at 2 - 5 x 107 cells / mL in PBS + 2% FBS. Fresh whole blood should be added at 250 µL per mL of sample, as a source of red cells.

Can RosetteSep™ be used to enrich progenitors from cord blood?

Yes. Sometimes cord blood contains immature nucleated red cells that have a lower density than mature RBCs. These immature red cells do not pellet over Ficoll™, which can lead to a higher RBC contamination than peripheral blood separations.

Does RosetteSep™ work with mouse cells?

No, but we have developed EasySep™, a magnetic-based cell isolation system which works with mouse and other non-human species.

Which anticoagulant should be used with RosetteSep™?

Peripheral blood should be collected in heparinized Vacutainers. Cord blood should be collected in ACD.

Should the anticoagulant be washed off before using RosetteSep™?

No, the antibody cocktail can be added directly to the sample.
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Product Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Data and Publications

Data

FACS Histogram Results Using RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail

Figure 1. FACS Histogram Results Using RosetteSep™ Human Monocyte Enrichment Cocktail

Starting with fresh peripheral blood, the CD14+ cell content of the enriched fraction is typically 72% - 85%. *Note: Red blood cells were removed by lysis prior to flow cytometry.

Publications

(28)
PLoS ONE 2012 September

An inflammation loop orchestrated by S100A9 and Calprotectin is critical for development of arthritis

Cesaro A et al.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The S100A9 and S100A8 proteins are highly expressed by neutrophils and monocytes and are part of a group of damage-associated molecular pattern molecules that trigger inflammatory responses. Sera and synovial fluids of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) contain high concentrations of S100A8/A9 that correlate with disease activity.$\backslash$n$\backslash$nMETHODS: In this study, we investigated the importance of S100A9 in RA by using neutralizing antibodies in a murine lipopolysaccharide-synchronized collagen-induced arthritis model. We also used an in vitro model of stimulation of human immune cells to decipher the role played by S100A9 in leukocyte migration and pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion.$\backslash$n$\backslash$nRESULTS: Treatment with anti-S100A9 antibodies improved the clinical score by 50%, diminished immune cell infiltration, reduced inflammatory cytokines, both in serum and in the joints, and preserved bone/collagen integrity. Stimulation of neutrophils with S100A9 protein led to the enhancement of neutrophil transendothelial migration. S100A9 protein also induced the secretion by monocytes of proinflammatory cytokines like TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6, and of chemokines like MIP-1α and MCP-1.$\backslash$n$\backslash$nCONCLUSION: The effects of anti-S100A9 treatment are likely direct consequences of inhibiting the S100A9-mediated promotion of neutrophil transmigration and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines from monocytes. Collectively, our results show that treatment with anti-S100A9 may inhibit amplification of the immune response and help preserve tissue integrity. Therefore, S100A9 is a promising potential therapeutic target for inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis for which alternative therapeutic strategies are needed.
International journal of vascular medicine 2012 January

The oxidative state of chylomicron remnants influences their modulation of human monocyte activation.

Armengol Lopez S et al.

Abstract

Chylomicron remnants (CMRs) contribute directly to human monocyte activation in vitro, by increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell migration. In this study, the effects of the oxidative state of CMR on the degree of monocyte activation was investigated. CMR-like particles (CRLPs) were prepared in three different oxidative states, normal (CRLPs), protected from oxidation by incorporation of the antioxidant, probucol (pCRLPs), or oxidised with CuSO(4) (oxCRLPs). Lipid accumulation and ROS production were significantly increased in primary human monocytes incubated with CRLPs, whilst secretion on monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 was reduced, but oxCRLPs had no additional effect. In contrast, pCRLPs were taken up by monocytes to a lesser extent and had no significant effect on ROS or MCP-1 secretion. These studies suggest that the oxidative state of CMRs modulates their stimulation of the activation of peripheral blood human monocytes and that dietary antioxidants may provide some protection against these atherogenic effects.
Scandinavian journal of immunology 2011 September

FluoroSpot analysis of TLR-activated monocytes reveals several distinct cytokine secreting subpopulations.

Smedman C et al.

Abstract

Monocytes have long been considered a heterogeneous group of cells both in terms of morphology and function. In humans, three distinct subsets have been described based on their differential expression of the cell surface markers CD14 and CD16. However, the relationship between these subsets and the production of cytokines has for the most part been based on ELISA measurements, making it difficult to draw conclusions as to their functional profile on the cellular level. In the present study, we have investigated lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced cytokine secretion by monocytes using the FluoroSpot technique. This method measures the number of cytokine secreting cells on the single cell level and uses fluorescent detection, allowing for the simultaneous analysis of two cytokines from the same population of isolated cells. By this approach, human monocytes from healthy volunteers could be divided into several subgroups as IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MIP-1β were secreted by larger populations of responding cells (25.9-39.2%) compared to the smaller populations of GM-CSF (9.1%), IL-10 (1.3%) and IL-12p40 (1.2%). Furthermore, when studying co-secretion in FluoroSpot, an intricate relationship between the monocytes secreting IL-1β and/or IL-6 and those secreting TNF-α, MIP-1β, GM-CSF, IL-10 and IL-12p40 was revealed. In this way, dissecting the secretion pattern of the monocytes in response to TLR-2 or TLR-4 stimulation, several subpopulations with distinct cytokine secreting profiles could be identified.
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD 2011 November

Influence of chylomicron remnants on human monocyte activation in vitro.

Bentley C et al.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Atherosclerosis is known to be an inflammatory disease and there is increasing evidence that chylomicron remnants (CMR), the lipoproteins which carry dietary fats in the blood, cause macrophage foam cell formation and inflammation. In early atherosclerosis the frequency of activated monocytes in the peripheral circulation is increased, and clearance of CMR from blood may be delayed, however, whether CMR contribute directly to monocyte activation and subsequent egress into the arterial wall has not been established. Here, the contribution of CMR to activation of monocyte pro-inflammatory pathways was assessed using an in vitro model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Primary human monocytes and CMR-like particles (CRLP) were used to measure several endpoints of monocyte activation. Treatment with CRLP caused rapid and prolonged generation of reactive oxygen species by monocytes. The pro-inflammatory chemokines MCP-1 and IL-8 were secreted in nanogram quantities by the cells in the absence of CRLP. IL-8 secretion was transiently increased after CRLP treatment, and CRLP maintained secretion in the presence of pharmacological inhibitors of IL-8 production. In contrast, exposure to CRLP significantly reduced MCP-1 secretion. Chemotaxis towards MCP-1 was increased in monocytes pre-exposed to CRLP and was reversed by addition of exogenous MCP-1. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that CRLP activate human monocytes and augment their migration in vitro by reducing cellular MCP-1 expression. Our data support the current hypothesis that CMR contribute to the inflammatory milieu of the arterial wall in early atherosclerosis, and suggest that this may reflect direct interaction with circulating blood monocytes.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 2011 February

Provision of continuous maturation signaling to dendritic cells by RIG-I-stimulating cytosolic RNA synthesis of Sendai virus.

Okano S et al.

Abstract

Dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy has potential for treating infections and malignant tumors, but the functional capacity of DC must be assessed in detail, especially maturation and Ag-specific CTL priming. Recent reports suggest that DC that are provided with continuous maturation signals in vivo after transfer into patients are required to elicit the full DC functions. We demonstrate in this study that the rSendai virus vector (SeV) is a novel and ideal stimulant, providing DC with a continuous maturation signal via viral RNA synthesis in the cytosol, resulting in full maturation of monocyte-derived DC(s). Both RIG-I-dependent cytokine production and CD4 T cell responses to SeV-derived helper Ags are indispensable for overcoming regulatory T cell suppression to prime melanoma Ag recognized by T cell-1-specific CTL in the regulatory T cell abundant setting. DC stimulated via cytokine receptors, or TLRs, do not show these functional features. Therefore, SeV-infected DC have the potential for DC-directed immunotherapy.
STEMCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.’S QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IS CERTIFIED TO ISO 13485. PRODUCTS ARE FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN OR ANIMAL DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USES UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
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