(-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate

Antioxidant and epigenetic modifier; Inhibits DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs)

(-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate

Antioxidant and epigenetic modifier; Inhibits DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs)

From: 123 USD
Catalog #
73642_C
Antioxidant and epigenetic modifier; Inhibits DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs)

Overview

(-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate is the most abundant polyphenol catechin antioxidant present in green tea (Frémont et al.; Johnson & Maddipati; Miller & Rice-Evans) and is known to inhibit DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs; IC₅₀ = 0.21 - 0.47 μM; Lee et al.). (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate also inhibits the formation of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Yoshida et al.), which have a pathological role in cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis (Itabe et al.). (-)-Epigallocatechin Gallate has also been shown to inhibit peroxynitrite-mediated formation of 8-oxodeoxyguanosine and 3-nitrotyrosine (Fiala et al.).

DIFFERENTIATION
· Inhibits bone resorption by inducing cell death of osteoclast-like multinucleated cells but not osteoblastic cells (Nakagawa et al.)

CANCER RESEARCH
·Inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cells in mouse xenograft model (Shankar et al., Du et al.)
· Causes cell cycle deregulation and apoptosis in human epidermoid cancer cell line, possibly via inhibition of NF-κB (Ahmad et al.).
Alternative Names
EGCG; NVP-XAA723; Tea catechin
Cell Type
Cancer Cells and Cell Lines, Cardiomyocytes, PSC-Derived, Osteoblasts
Species
Human, Mouse, Rat, Non-Human Primate, Other
Application
Differentiation
Area of Interest
Cancer, Stem Cell Biology
CAS Number
989-51-5
Chemical Formula
C₂₂H₁₈O₁₁
Molecular Weight
458.4 g/mol
Purity
≥ 98%
Pathway
Epigenetic
Target
DNMT

Protocols and Documentation

Find supporting information and directions for use in the Product Information Sheet or explore additional protocols below.

Document Type
Product Name
Catalog #
Lot #
Language
Catalog #
73644
Lot #
All
Language
English
Document Type
Safety Data Sheet
Catalog #
73644
Lot #
All
Language
English

Applications

This product is designed for use in the following research area(s) as part of the highlighted workflow stage(s). Explore these workflows to learn more about the other products we offer to support each research area.

Research Area
Workflow Stages

Resources and Publications

Publications (11)

Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) is the most effective cancer chemopreventive polyphenol in green tea. Du G-J et al. Nutrients 2012 NOV

Abstract

Green tea is a popular drink consumed daily by millions of people around the world. Previous studies have shown that some polyphenol compounds from green tea possess anticancer activities. However, systemic evaluation was limited. In this study, we determined the cancer chemopreventive potentials of 10 representative polyphenols (caffeic acid, CA; gallic acid, GA; catechin, C; epicatechin, EC; gallocatechin, GC; catechin gallate, CG; gallocatechin gallate, GCG; epicatechin gallate, ECG; epigallocatechin, EGC; and epigallocatechin gallate, EGCG), and explored their structure-activity relationship. The effect of the 10 polyphenol compounds on the proliferation of HCT-116 and SW-480 human colorectal cancer cells was evaluated using an MTS assay. Cell cycle distribution and apoptotic effects were analyzed by flow cytometry after staining with propidium iodide (PI)/RNase or annexin V/PI. Among the 10 polyphenols, EGCG showed the most potent antiproliferative effects, and significantly induced cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase and cell apoptosis. When the relationship between chemical structure and anticancer activity was examined, C and EC did not show antiproliferative effects, and GA showed some antiproliferative effects. When C and EC esterified with GA to produce CG and ECG, the antiproliferative effects were increased significantly. A similar relationship was found between EGC and EGCG. The gallic acid group significantly enhanced catechin's anticancer potential. This property could be utilized in future semi-synthesis of flavonoid derivatives to develop novel anticancer agents.
Oxidative modification of LDL: its pathological role in atherosclerosis. Itabe H Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology 2009 AUG

Abstract

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is a well-known risk marker for cardiovascular diseases. OxLDL has shown a variety of proatherogenic properties in experiments performed in vitro. In addition, immunological studies using monoclonal antibodies have revealed the occurrence of OxLDL in vivo in atherosclerotic lesions and patients' plasma specimens. Resent clinical studies have indicated the prospective significance of plasma OxLDL measurements; however, the behavior and metabolism of OxLDL in vivo is poorly understood. The mechanism by which LDL is oxidized is not clear, and the modified structures of OxLDL are not yet fully understood, partly because OxLDL is a mixture of heterogeneously modified particles. Here, I discuss the recent studies on oxidative modifications in OxLDL and its clinical and pathological features.
EGCG inhibits growth, invasion, angiogenesis and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. Shankar S et al. Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library 2008 JAN

Abstract

We have shown that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenolic compound from green tea, inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in human pancreatic cancer cells. However, the preclinical potential of EGCG in a suitable mouse model has not been examined. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms by which EGCG inhibited growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of human pancreatic cancer cells in a xenograft model system. EGCG inhibited viability, capillary tube formation and migration of HUVEC, and these effects were further enhanced in the presence of an ERK inhibitor. In vivo, AsPC-1 xenografted tumors treated with EGCG showed significant reduction in volume, proliferation (Ki-67 and PCNA staining), angiogenesis (vWF, VEGF and CD31) and metastasis (MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9 and MMP-12) and induction in apoptosis (TUNEL), caspase-3 activity and growth arrest (p21/WAF1). EGCG also inhibited circulating endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGF-R2) positive endothelial cells derived from xenografted mice. Tumor samples from EGCG treated mice showed significantly reduced ERK activity, and enhanced p38 and JNK activities. Overall, our data suggest that EGCG inhibits pancreatic cancer growth, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis, and thus could be used for the management of pancreatic cancer prevention and treatment.

Contact STEMCELL Technologies

Our Customer Service, Sales, and Product and Scientific Support departments in North America are available between 6 am and 5 pm Pacific Time (9 am and 8 pm Eastern Time). One of our representatives will be happy to help you by telephone or email. Please complete the form to contact us by email. A representative will get back to you shortly.
  •  

StemCell Technologies Inc. and affiliates ("STEMCELL Technologies") does not share your email address with third parties. StemCell Technologies Inc. will use your email address to confirm your identity and send you newsletters, transaction-related emails, promotional and customer service emails in accordance with our privacy policy. You can change your email preferences at any time.