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RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail

Immunodensity depletion cocktail

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From: 174 USD

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Immunodensity depletion cocktail
From: 174 USD

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Overview

The RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail is designed to enrich epithelial circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from whole blood by depleting CD45+ cells. Unwanted cells are targeted for depletion with Tetrameric Antibody Complexes recognizing CD45, CD66b and glycophorin A on red blood cells (RBCs). When centrifuged over a buoyant density medium such as Lymphoprep™ (Catalog #07801), the unwanted cells pellet along with the RBCs. The purified epithelial tumor cells are present as a highly enriched population at the interface between the plasma and the buoyant density medium.
Advantages:
• Fast and easy-to-use
• Requires no special equipment or training
• Untouched, viable cells
• Can be combined with SepMate™ for consistent, high-throughput sample processing
Components:
  • RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail (Catalog #15122)
    • RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail, 2 mL
  • RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail (Catalog #15162)
    • RosetteSep™ Human CD45 Depletion Cocktail, 5 x 2 mL
Subtype:
Cell Isolation Kits
Cell Type:
Cancer Cells and Cell Lines
Species:
Human
Sample Source:
Buffy Coat; Whole Blood
Selection Method:
Depletion
Application:
Cell Isolation
Brand:
RosetteSep
Area of Interest:
Stem Cell Biology; Cancer Research; Immunology

Scientific Resources

Educational Materials

(4)

Frequently Asked Questions

What is RosetteSep™?

RosetteSep™ is a rapid cell separation procedure for the isolation of purified cells directly from whole blood, without columns or magnets.

How does RosetteSep™ work?

The antibody cocktail crosslinks unwanted cells to red blood cells (RBCs), forming rosettes. The unwanted cells then pellet with the free RBCs when centrifuged over a density centrifugation medium (e.g. Ficoll-Paque™ PLUS, Lymphoprep™).

What factors affect cell recovery?

The temperature of the reagents can affect cell recovery. All reagents should be at room temperature (sample, density centrifugation medium, PBS, centrifuge) before performing the isolations. Layering can also affect recovery so be sure to carefully layer the sample to avoid mixing with the density centrifugation medium as much as possible. Be sure to collect the entire enriched culture without disturbing the RBC pellet. A small amount of density centrifugation medium can be collected without worry.

Which cell samples can RosetteSep™ be used with?

RosetteSep™ can be used with leukapheresis samples, bone marrow or buffy coat, as long as: the concentration of cells does not exceed 5 x 107 per mL (can dilute if necessary); and there are at least 100 RBCs for every nucleated cell (RBCs can be added if necessary).

Can RosetteSep™ be used with previously frozen or cultured cells?

Yes. Cells should be re-suspended at 2 - 5 x 107 cells / mL in PBS + 2% FBS. Fresh whole blood should be added at 250 µL per mL of sample, as a source of red cells.

Can RosetteSep™ be used to enrich progenitors from cord blood?

Yes. Sometimes cord blood contains immature nucleated red cells that have a lower density than mature RBCs. These immature red cells do not pellet over Ficoll™, which can lead to a higher RBC contamination than peripheral blood separations.

Does RosetteSep™ work with mouse cells?

No, but we have developed EasySep™, a magnetic-based cell isolation system which works with mouse and other non-human species.

Which anticoagulant should be used with RosetteSep™?

Peripheral blood should be collected in heparinized Vacutainers. Cord blood should be collected in ACD.

Should the anticoagulant be washed off before using RosetteSep™?

No, the antibody cocktail can be added directly to the sample.
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Data and Publications

Data

FACS Profile Results with RosetteSep™ Human CD45+ Cell Depletion Cocktail

Figure 1. FACS Profile Results with RosetteSep™ Human CD45+ Cell Depletion Cocktail

Ber-EP4 is an antibody against an epithelial cell surface antigen.

Publications

(8)
Seminars in cancer biology 2017 APR

How to study and overcome tumor heterogeneity with circulating biomarkers: The breast cancer case.

V. Appierto et al.

Abstract

Breast cancer ranks first among female cancer-related deaths in Western countries. As the primary tumor can often be controlled by surgical resection, the survival of women with breast cancer is closely linked to the incidence of distant metastases. Molecular screening by next generation sequencing highlighted the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of solid tumors as well as the clonal evolution of cancer cells during progression and under treatment pressure. Such findings question whether an optimal assessment of disease progression and a screening for druggable mutations should be based on molecular features of primary or recurrent/metastatic lesions and therefore represent a crucial element for failure or success of personalized medicine. In fact, new targeted therapies may induce only short-term benefit annulled by the emergence of resistant clones with new driver mutations which would need to be rapidly and reliably identified. Serial tissue sampling is therefore essential but, unfortunately, also represents a problem since biopsies from solid lesions, which are invasive and potentially painful and risky, cannot be easily repeatedly sampled, are inaccessible or may not fully reflect tumor heterogeneity. The need to early detect and strike this moving target" is now directing the scientific community towards liquid biopsy-based biomarkers which include circulating tumor cells (CTC) and cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can be repeatedly assessed through non-invasive and easy-to-perform procedures and may act as reliable read-outs of functional and molecular features of recurrent/metastatic lesions. In this review we summarize the outcome of CTCs and ctDNA in breast cancer with special reference on their role on unveiling and overcoming tumor heterogeneity on their potential relevance for tumor surveillance and monitoring and for the selection of therapeutic options. Finally we propose integration between blood-based molecular and clinical approaches for monitoring disease progression according to the specific pattern of recurrence of the most aggressive breast cancer molecular subtypes."
Nature protocols 2016 FEB

Organoid culture systems for prostate epithelial and cancer tissue.

J. Drost et al.

Abstract

This protocol describes a strategy for the generation of 3D prostate organoid cultures from healthy mouse and human prostate cells (either bulk or FACS-sorted single luminal and basal cells), metastatic prostate cancer lesions and circulating tumor cells. Organoids derived from healthy material contain the differentiated luminal and basal cell types, whereas organoids derived from prostate cancer tissue mimic the histology of the tumor. We explain how to establish these cultures in the fully defined serum-free conditioned medium that is required to sustain organoid growth. Starting with the plating of digested tissue material, full-grown organoids can usually be obtained in ∼2 weeks. The culture protocol we describe here is currently the only one that allows the growth of both the luminal and basal prostatic epithelial lineages, as well as the growth of advanced prostate cancers. Organoids established using this protocol can be used to study many different aspects of prostate biology, including homeostasis, tumorigenesis and drug discovery.
Cell 2014 SEP

Organoid cultures derived from patients with advanced prostate cancer.

D. Gao et al.

Abstract

The lack of in vitro prostate cancer models that recapitulate the diversity of human prostate cancer has hampered progress in understanding disease pathogenesis and therapy response. Using a 3D organoid system, we report success in long-term culture of prostate cancer from biopsy specimens and circulating tumor cells. The first seven fully characterized organoid lines recapitulate the molecular diversity of prostate cancer subtypes, including TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, SPOP mutation, SPINK1 overexpression, and CHD1 loss. Whole-exome sequencing shows a low mutational burden, consistent with genomics studies, but with mutations in FOXA1 and PIK3R1, as well as in DNA repair and chromatin modifier pathways that have been reported in advanced disease. Loss of p53 and RB tumor suppressor pathway function are the most common feature shared across the organoid lines. The methodology described here should enable the generation of a large repertoire of patient-derived prostate cancer lines amenable to genetic and pharmacologic studies.
Clinical chemistry 2013 SEP

Capture of viable circulating tumor cells in the liver of colorectal cancer patients.

Denè et al.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The incidence and number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of colorectal cancer patients are lower than in other cancer types, which may point to a particular biology of colorectal cancer affecting CTC detection. METHODS We detected CTCs in the peripheral and mesenteric blood of colorectal cancer patients by use of 2 independent technologies on the basis of different biological properties of colon cancer cells. Seventy-five patients diagnosed with localized (M0, n = 60) and metastatic (M1, n = 15) colorectal cancer were included. Peripheral and mesenteric blood samples were collected before tumor resection. We performed CTC enumeration with an EpCAM-independent enrichment method followed by the Epispot assay that detected only viable CK19-releasing CTCs. In parallel, we used the FDA-cleared EpCAM-dependent CellSearch® as the reference method. RESULTS The enumeration of CK19-releasing cells by the CK19-Epispot assay revealed viable CTCs in 27 of 41 (65.9%) and 41 of 74 (55.4%) (P = 0.04) patients in mesenteric and peripheral blood, respectively, whereas CellSearch detected CTCs in 19 of 34 (55.9%) and 20 of 69 (29.0%) (P = 0.0046) patients. In mesenteric blood, medians of 4 (range 0-247) and 2.7 CTCs (range 0-286) were found with Epispot and CellSearch (P = 0.2), respectively, whereas in peripheral blood, Epispot and CellSearch detected a median of 1.2 (range 0-92) and 0 CTCs (range 0-147) (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS A considerable portion of viable CTCs detectable by the Epispot assay are trapped in the liver as the first filter organ in CRC patients.
Cancer treatment reviews 2009 AUG

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs): detection methods and their clinical relevance in breast cancer.

Mostert B et al.

Abstract

The enumeration of circulating tumor cells has long been regarded as an attractive diagnostic tool, as circulating tumor cells are thought to reflect aggressiveness of the tumor and may assist in therapeutic decisions in patients with solid malignancies. However, implementation of this assay into clinical routine has been cumbersome, as a validated test was not available until recently. Circulating tumor cells are rare events which can be detected specifically only by using a combination of surface and intracellular markers, and only recently a number of technical advances have made their reliable detection possible. Most of these new techniques rely on a combination of an enrichment and a detection step. This review addresses the assays that have been described so far in the literature, including the enrichment and detection steps and the markers used in these assays. We have focused on breast cancer as most clinical studies on CTC detection so far have been done in these patients.
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