Rat Recombinant GM-CSF

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

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Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
From: 202 USD

Overview

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) promotes the proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells and the generation of neutrophils, eosinophils, and macrophages. In synergy with other cytokines such as stem cell factor, IL-3, erythropoietin, and thrombopoietin, it also stimulates erythroid and megakaryocyte progenitor cells (Barreda et al.). GM-CSF is produced by multiple cell types, including stromal cells, Paneth cells, macrophages, dendritic cells (DCs), endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, chondrocytes, and Th1 and Th17 cells T cells (Francisco-Cruz et al.). The receptor for GM-CSF (GM-CSFR) is composed of two subunits: the cytokine-specific α subunit (GMRα; CD116) and the common subunit βc (CD131) shared with IL-3 and IL-5 receptors (Broughton et al.). GM-CSFR is expressed on hematopoietic cells, including progenitor cells and immune cells, as well as non-hematopoietic cells. GM-CSF is able to stimulate the development of DCs that ingest, process, and present antigens to the immune system (Francisco-Cruz et al.). Recombinant rat GM-CSF is reactive with mouse cells (Oaks et al.; Vandenabeele et al.).
Alternative Names:
Colony-stimulating factor 2, CSF-2, MGI-1GM, Pluripoietic-alpha
Cell Type:
Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells; Dendritic Cells; Monocytes; Myeloid Cells
Species:
Rat
Area of Interest:
Stem Cell Biology; Immunology
Molecular Weight:
14.7 kDa
Purity:
≥ 95%

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Data and Publications

Data

(A) The biological activity of Rat Recombinant GM-CSF was tested by its ability to promote the proliferation of FDC-P1 cells. Cell proliferation was measured after 91 hours of culture using a fluorometric assay method. The EC50 is defined as the effective concentration of the growth factor at which cell proliferation is at 50% of maximum. The EC50 in the above example is 0.9 - 1.3 pg/mL.
(B) 1 μg of Rat Recombinant GM-CSF was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (+) and non-reducing (-) conditions and visualized by Coomassie Blue staining. Rat Recombinant GM-CSF has a predicted molecular mass of 14.5 kDa.

STEMCELL TECHNOLOGIES INC.’S QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IS CERTIFIED TO ISO 13485. PRODUCTS ARE FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND NOT INTENDED FOR HUMAN OR ANIMAL DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USES UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.