Human Recombinant TNF-alpha, ACF

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, animal component-free

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Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, animal component-free
From: 96 USD

Overview

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that activates NF-kB, MAPK, and PI3K/AKT pathways. Activated T cells and macrophages are the primary producers of TNF-α in response to inflammation and infectious conditions. Many other cell types have been shown to produce TNF-α, among them B cells, NK cells, mast cells, neutrophils, dendritic cells, microglia, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, cardiomyocytes, and fibroblasts. TNF-α has cytotoxic effects on cancer cells in vitro by stimulating anti-tumor immuno- suppressive responses. TNF-α stimulates expression of E- and P-selectins, thus facilitating adhesion of neutrophils, monocytes, and memory T cells to activated platelets and endothelial cells (Zelová & Hosek). Other effects of TNF-α include vasodilatation and edema formation. This product is animal component-free.
Alternative Names:
Cachectin, Cachexin, Cytotoxin, DIF, Necrosin, TNF, TNF-α, TNFSF2, Tumor necrosis factor-α
Cell Type:
Airway Cells; B Cells; Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells; Intestinal Cells; Neurons; NK Cells
Area of Interest:
Epithelial Cell Biology; Immunology; Neuroscience; Stem Cell Biology
Molecular Weight:
17.5 kDa
Purity:
≥ 95%

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Data and Publications

Data

(A) The biological activity of Human Recombinant TNF-alpha, ACF was tested by its ability to inhibit growth of mouse L929 cells in the presence of actinomycin D. Inhibition of cell proliferation was measured after 48 hours of culture using a fluorometric assay method. The EC50 is defined as the effective concentration of the growth factor at which cell proliferation inhibition is at 50% of maximum. The EC50 in the example above is 0.00877 ng/mL. (B) 1 μg of Human Recombinant TNF-alpha, ACF was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (+) and non-reducing (-) conditions and visualized by Coomassie Blue staining.

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