Interactions between stem cells and their microenvironment are critical for regulation and maintenance of stem cell function. To elucidate the molecular interactions within the human limbal epithelial stem/progenitor cell (LEPC) niche, which is essential for maintaining corneal transparency and vision, we performed a comprehensive expression analysis of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) using custom-made quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) arrays and laser capture-microdissected LEPC clusters, comprising LEPCs, melanocytes, mesenchymal cells, and transmigrating immune cells. We show that LEPCs are anchored to their supporting basement membrane by the laminin receptors $\$3$\$1 and $\$6$\$4 integrin and the dystroglycan complex, while intercellular contacts between LEPCs and melanocytes are mediated by N-, P-, and E-cadherin together with L1-CAM, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily (Ig)CAMs. In addition to the LEPC-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycans syndecan-2, glypican-3, and glypican-4, the IgCAM members ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were found to be variably expressed on LEPCs and associated niche cells and to be dynamically regulated in response to chemokines such as interferon-$\$ enhance interactions with immune cells. Moreover, junctional adhesion molecule JAM-C accumulating in the subepithelial limbal matrix, appeared to be involved in recruitment of immune cells, while mesenchymal stromal cells appeared to use the nephronectin receptor integrin $\$8 for approaching the limbal basement membrane. In summary, we identified a novel combination of cell surface receptors that may regulate both stable and dynamic cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions within the limbal niche. The findings provide a solid foundation for further functional studies and for advancement of our current therapeutic strategies for ocular surface reconstruction.