Zieliŉ et al. ( 2013)
Transplantation proceedings 45 1 88--94
Modified flow cytometry crossmatch detecting alloantibody-related cytotoxicity as a way to distinguish lytic antibodies from harmless in allosensitised kidney recipients.
The serological complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (CDC-XM) permits routine identification of anti-donor alloantibodies in the sera of allotransplant recipients. However, in a small group of recipients, antibodies below the threshold of detection may still be responsible for hyperacute rejection. For the same reason, approximately 20% of recipients develop acute rejection episodes. The flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM) was designed to address these problems, but because of the presence of clinically insignificant antibodies (linked, non-lytic), the FCXM appears to be too sensitive yielding false-positive results. We compared FCXM with its modified version assessing cell viability (cytolytic flow cytometry crossmatch; cFCXM) using sera from previously sensitised kidney recipients. The presence of alloantibodies was detected using the Luminex platform. The cFCXM proved to be of greater sensitivity than CDC-XM, which was additionally confirmed with bead-based Luminex techniques. The cFCXM was also superior to FCXM because it distinguished lytic from non-lytic antibodies. The cFCXM was superior to assess donor specificity, sensitivity, and detection of clinically relevant lytic antibodies.