Bacher U et al. (DEC 2010)
Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 203 2 169--75
Correlation of cytomorphology, immunophenotyping, and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization in 381 patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and 301 patients with plasma cell myeloma.
To further clarify the transformation from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to plasma cell myeloma (PCM), we compared interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) patterns in 381 MGUS and 301 PCM patients. According to the World Health Organization and the International Myeloma Working Group, a threshold of 10% of bone marrow plasma cells separated MGUS from PCM. After magnetic activated cell sorting for CD138(+) cells, FISH succeeded in 272 of 301 (90.4%) PCM, but in only 302 of 381 (79.3%) MGUS cases (P textless 0.001). Cytogenetic alterations were more frequent in PCM (237 of 272; 87.1%) than MGUS (169 of 302; 56.0%; P = 0.0002). PCM showed a median of two cytogenetic alterations (range, 0-9) and MGUS one (range, 0-6). Considering only cases with a yield of plasma cells allowing five or more FISH probes, del(13)(q14) was found in 99 of 251 (39.3%) PCM but in only 59 of 267 (22.1%) MGUS (P = 0.0001), del(17p) in 15 PCM (6.0%) and in 6 MGUS (2.2%) patients (P = 0.029). A t(4;14)/IGH-FGFR3 was detected in 28 PCM (11.1%) and 5 MGUS (1.9%; P textless 0.001). The t(11;14)/IGH-CCND1 and the t(14;16)/IGH-MAF showed no significant differences. Cytomorphology detected higher numbers of plasma cells than multiparameter flow cytometry (median ratio 4.25). This study underlines the genetic heterogeneity of MGUS similar to PCM. Genetic analysis might contribute to more diversified monitoring strategies for MGUS patients.
EasySep™ Human CD138 Positive Selection Kit
Liu H et al. (MAY 2011)
Science Translational Medicine 3 82 82ra39
In Vivo Liver Regeneration Potential of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Diverse Origins
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a potential source of hepatocytes for liver transplantation to treat end-stage liver disease. In vitro differentiation of human iPSCs into hepatic cells has been achieved using a multi- stage differentiation protocol, but whether these cells are functional and capable of engrafting and regenerating diseased liver tissue is not clear. We show that human iPSC-derived hepatic cells at various differentiation stages can engraft the liver in a mouse transplantation model. Using the same differentiation and transplantation protocols,we also assessed the ability of human iPSCs derived from each of the three developmental germ layer tissues (that is, ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm) to regenerate mouse liver. These iPSC lines, with similar but distinct global DNA methylation patterns, differentiated into multistage hepatic cells with an efficiency similar to that of human embryonic stem cells. Human hepatic cells at various differentiation stages derived from iPSC lines of different origins successfully repopulated the liver tissue of mice with liver cirrhosis. They also secreted human-specific liver proteins into mouse blood at concentrations comparable to that of proteins secreted by human primary hepato- cytes. Our results demonstrate the engraftment and liver regenerative capabilities of human iPSC-derived multi- stage hepatic cells in vivo and suggest that human iPSCs of distinct origins and regardless of their parental epigenetic memory can efficiently differentiate along the hepatic lineage.
Sosef MN et al. (JAN 2005)
Annals of surgery 241 1 125--33
Cryopreservation of isolated primary rat hepatocytes: enhanced survival and long-term hepatospecific function.
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term effect of cryopreservation on hepatocyte function, as well as attempt to improve cell viability and function through the utilization of the hypothermic preservation solution, HypoThermosol (HTS), as the carrier solution. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Advances in the field of bioartificial liver support have led to an increasing demand for successful, efficient means of cryopreservation of hepatocytes. METHODS Fresh rat hepatocytes were cryopreserved in suspension in culture media (Media-cryo group) or HTS (HTS-cryo group), both supplemented with 10% DMSO. Following storage up to 2 months in liquid nitrogen, cells were thawed and maintained in a double collagen gel culture for 14 days. Hepatocyte yield and viability were assessed up to 14 days postthaw. Serial measurements of albumin secretion, urea synthesis, deethylation of ethoxyresorufin (CYT P450 activity), and responsiveness to stimulation with interleukin-6 (IL-6) were performed. RESULTS Immediate postthaw viability was 60% in Media-cryo and 79% in HTS-cryo, in comparison with control (90%). Albumin secretion, urea synthesis and CYT P450 activity yielded 33%, 55%, and 59% in Media-cryo and 71%, 80%, and 88% in HTS-cryo, respectively, compared with control (100%). Assessment of cellular response to IL-6 following cryopreservation revealed a similar pattern of up-regulation in fibrinogen production and suppression of albumin secretion compared with nonfrozen controls. CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates that isolated rat hepatocytes cryopreserved using HTS showed high viability, long-term hepatospecific function, and response to cytokine challenge. These results may represent an important step forward to the utilization of cryopreserved isolated hepatocytes in bioartificial liver devices.